Linux的locale设置问题

今天新开了一个digital ocean的vps,发现了这个提醒:

WARNING! Your environment specifies an invalid locale.
 This can affect your user experience significantly, including the
 ability to manage packages. You may install the locales by running:

   sudo apt-get install language-pack-zh
     or
   sudo locale-gen zh_CN.UTF-8

To see all available language packs, run:
   apt-cache search "^language-pack-[a-z][a-z]$"
To disable this message for all users, run:
   sudo touch /var/lib/cloud/instance/locale-check.skip

输入dpkg-reconfigure显示如下提醒

perl: warning: Setting locale failed.
perl: warning: Please check that your locale settings:
	LANGUAGE = (unset),
	LC_ALL = (unset),
	LC_CTYPE = "zh_CN.UTF-8",
	LANG = "en_US.UTF-8"
    are supported and installed on your system.
perl: warning: Falling back to a fallback locale ("en_US.UTF-8").
locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: No such file or directory
locale: Cannot set LC_ALL to default locale: No such file or directory

以下两种方法不一定都试用,可以都试一遍。

办法一

在文件/etc/environment中添加如下内容

LC_ALL="en_US.utf8"

输入dpkg-reconfigure locales按照提示选中一下内容

image

image

完成以上步骤后重启系统即可。

办法二

~/.bash_profile文件开头中添加如下信息即可:

export LANG="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_COLLATE="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_MESSAGES="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_MONETARY="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_NUMERIC="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
export LC_ALL=

如果你用的是zsh等其它类型的shell,在相应的配置文件里也输入这些信息即可。 例如zsh则在文件~/.zshrc中添加。


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